Everyone thinks practice makes perfect.  That’s wrong.

Legendary football coach Vince Lombardi said you have to add one word – “Perfect practice makes perfect.”

I heard a man complaining that he had ten years of experience at work but never got promoted.  Here’s the real question.  Did he have ten years of experience?  Or did he just have one year of experience repeated ten times?

Practicing only works if you correct – not repeat – your mistakes.

If you’re putting in a lot of work but not getting the results you want, you may be working hard doing what will never help you.  It’s never about how long or hard you work.  It’s always about the results you produce.

Just watch a bunch of ants carrying grains of sand.  At first their efforts look hopeless, but each time another ant piles on another grain of sand, the pile gets a little bit bigger.  Before you know it, all those tiny grains of sand have created a massive anthill.

Practice the right things today to get the results you want tomorrow.


That’s what practicing any skill can do for you.  The key is persistence, consistency and correctness.  And this advice is true across disciplines.

Persistence means you practice regularly no matter what.  Even if you don’t feel like practicing, do it anyway.  Once you break your routine, it’s harder to get back at it again.

In my case, it was learning a language.  Mandarin Chinese is one of the hardest languages to learn.  But by studying for 20-30 minutes every day for three months, I was able to get up in front of a Chinese audience of 3,000 and address them in Mandarin for the first five minutes of my speech.

Consistency means practicing at the same intensity.  NBA great Larry Bird used to spend hours alone on the basketball court, practicing his shots.  Each time he practiced, he imagined that the game was on the line and he had to make the shot or his team would lose.  That’s the intensity you need for your practice.

Lithuanian-American violinist Jascha Heifitz said, “If I miss one day of practice, I notice it.  If I miss two days of practice, the critics notice it.  If I miss three days of practice, the public notices it.”

Novelist Sinclair Lewis didn’t mince words.  Once, he was giving a lecture at Columbia University on the subject of writing.  “How many here are really serious about being writers?” he asked the audience.  Almost everyone in the audience raised their hand.

“Then why in hell aren’t you all home writing?” challenged Lewis, and ended the lecture.

Don’t practice or train as if it doesn’t matter.  Training isn’t always a life-or-death matter, but one story from a survivor of the attack on Pearl Harbor illustrates how important thorough training can be.

In 1941, Robert Kronberger was a 24-year-old petty officer serving aboard the USS West Virginia, stationed at Pearl Harbor.  When the Japanese bombers commenced their surprise attack, Kronberger was in charge of the boiler room on the West Virginia’s port side.

As seven torpedoes ripped through three of the ship’s boiler rooms, the lights went out and water began pouring in. The bulkhead seemed to be collapsing around Kronberger and his men.  But no one panicked.  “I just did what I was trained to do,” he recalled many years later.  “When the lights went out, you did the same things you did when the lights were on.  You secured your firearms and your space, got the people that you were responsible for out, and tried to keep the ship from sinking.”

His ship lost more than 100 men that day, including the captain.  But during the crisis, Kronberger said, everyone was too busy to think about being scared.

In the days after the attack, when the fear crept in, his training continued to serve him.  “When you’d start to look for people, you’d feel a lot of sickness in your body.  You’d wonder where your best friend was – but it didn’t stop you from doing the job that you were trained to do.”

Maybe you’ll never be shot at while your ship is sinking beneath you, but knowing what to do, practicing it until it’s second nature, will keep you safe no matter what happens.


Mackay’s Moral:  The difference between ineffective and effective practice means the difference between mediocrity and mastery.

About the author Harvey Mackay

Seven-time, New York Times best-selling author of "Swim With The Sharks Without Being Eaten Alive," with two books among the top 15 inspirational business books of all time, according to the New York Times. He is one of America’s most popular and entertaining business speakers, and currently serves as Chairman at the MackayMitchell Envelope Company, one of the nation’s major envelope manufacturers, producing 25 million envelopes a day.

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